Average Height: 5 -11 in
Average Weight: 3 -7 lbs
Average Life Span: 12 -16 yrs
Coloring: Nearly any color and color combinations accepted; single, bi- or tri- colors of black, white, sable, orange, cream, apricot, blue. Can be brindle or spotted.
Area of Origin: Germany and Poland; Baltic Sea region of Pomerania
Similar Breeds: Keeshond, American Eskimo Dog, Finnish Spitz
History and Origin:
The Pomeranian is a descendent of the Icelandic and Lapland (a northern region of Scandinavia and Russia) sled dogs along with its close cousin, the Keeshond. Before popularity in England caused it to be bred down in size, the Pomeranian was an able sheep-herder, weighing up to thirty pounds. Queen Victoria, after receiving a Pomeranian from Italy, loved the breed so much that she wanted a small, companion-sized version, and initiated the breeding program that reduced the Poms size by up to twenty five pounds. The breed flourished in Britain once the queen showed interest in it, and it soon found its way into the hearts of North Americans; it was recognized by the American Kennel Club in 1888.
Personality and Temperament:
Active and intelligent, the Pomeranian is a loyal breed and extremely loving to its family. It is curious and bold; despite its size, it is an independent dog that will readily stand its ground against much larger animals. The Pomeranian is extremely spirited and alert, excelling in a watch dog position.
Susceptible to Small Dog Syndrome, the Pomeranian needs to be treated as a dog, not a small human, so that it will not try to become the alpha dog of the family. Its friendly nature makes it a good companion for children who are aware of its small size. Suitable for a nervous or first-time owner, the Pomeranian nevertheless needs proper training and socialization to be the best little dog it can be.
Exercise & Training:
While a toy breed, the Pomeranian is an extremely active dog, excelling in agility. A daily walk or jog combined with ample play time will help keep the Pomeranian happy and stimulated, and will help prevent unwanted behavior issues. While it can be a bit yappy, the Pomeranian is suitable for a small home or apartment providing it receives ample exercise. It is an extremely alert and intelligent breed, easily able to pick up on commands quickly. Due to this train-ability, the Pomeranian has frequently been used as a performing dog in circuses.
Possessing a long, frizzy, double coat, the Pomeranian needs daily brushing to remove dead hair and prevent tangling. The undercoat sheds out once or twice a year (depending on the climate in which the Pomeranian lives), and a little extra grooming is ideal to help removed excess fur. Overall, the Pomeranian sheds quite excessively, and is not ideal for allergy sufferers.
The Pomeranians closest relative is the Keeshond; the same type of dog, Pomeranian and Keeshond differentiate the two sizes, much like a Miniature and Standard Poodle. With the Keeshond, the Pomeranian is a member of the European Spitz family, which also includes breeds such as the American Eskimo Dog and the Finnish Spitz.
Interesting Facts about the Pomeranian:
1. Only three dogs survived the sinking of the Titanic in 1912; two of the three were Pomeranians.
2. The Pomeranian is one of only a handful of breeds that have nearly any coat color; the American Kennel Club accepts 19 coat colorations.
3. President Theodore Roosevelt owned a Pomeranian named Gem.
4. Other names for the Pomeranian include the Dwarf Spitz, Toy German Spitz, and the Pom.