Height: 8-9 inches from shoulder
Weight: 16-32 lbs.
Life Span: 12-15 years
Coloring: Solid black, brown, red, cream, fawn, chocolate; parti-colored with cream/tan; brindle, dapple, sable, and piebald markings
Area of Origin: Germany
Similar Breeds: American Foxhound, Bloodhound, Harrier, Rhodesian Ridgeback, Beagle
History and Origin:
Drawings from Egypt thought to be more than a thousand years old depict dogs that highly resemble the Dachshund. However, little research has gone into this, and therefore, it is commonly accepted that the breed was created in Germany over several centuries. Two varieties emerged during the development of the breed; a smaller dog (miniature) used for hunting game such as rabbit and fox, and a larger one (standard) used for hunting boar. The first breed standard was established in Germany in 1870, and the AKC registered the first Dachshund importations in 1885. The German Dachshund Club was founded three years later, and the Dachshund Club of America was created in 1895.
Personality and Temperament:
Dachshunds can be described of as being faithful, active, loving, bold and whimsical dogs. They aren’t usually shy, and love socializing with other people and pets, especially if it means getting attention. The breed is known for its excellent temperament; however, they may nip if they feel the need to protect themselves, even if its just from rough play. For this reason, they may not be the best choice if there are toddlers in the home. These dogs also usually do well in households with other pets.
Exercise & Training:
Going for a walk once a day is enough exercise for most Dachshunds, although dogs that take-in more calories may need to exercise more to prevent unnecessary weight gain. Obesity becomes a frequent problem in older Dachshunds whose owners don’t exercise them enough and don’t control their portion size at meals. One way owners can make sure that their dog gets the exercise they need is by planning fun, short activities to do throughout the day such as a game of fetch or Frisbee. Sports can also be a great way to meet the dogs exercise requirements. Popular sports for Dachshunds include; earth-dog trials, agility, field trials, rally, fly-ball, and tracking. Whatever the activity, owners should always be careful not to encourage jumping or rough play, as Dachshunds are prone to back problems and may get seriously inured. Dachshunds are very smart dogs, and are easy to train, as long as the owner is consistent and patient. Obedience training is definitely a priority for this breed; otherwise, they will get into mischief and become a handful. Another essential part of training is learning how to walk on a leash because pulling and jumping can lead to severe back or leg injuries. Lastly, socialization should also be considered, making sure that the dog is exposed to many different places, people, animals, and situations.
All three of the Dachshund coat varieties shed, but they each have different grooming requirements. The long-haired variety can be a handful in terms of grooming. Their coat needs to be brushed at least once daily in order to keep it clean and tangle-free. Wire-haired Dachshunds dont need to be brushed as frequently, but they do require that the undercoat is hand-stripped twice a year. And last but not least, the smooth variety requires less work, but also need to be regularly brushed and cleaned with special dog wipes to keep shedding under control.
Interesting Facts about the Dachshund:
1. Before they developed into the dogs they are today, Dachshunds were actually quite a bit larger in size and weighed 30 to 40 lbs. There were also two varieties; one that was curve-legged and one that was straight-legged.
2. Lee Harvey Oswalds murderer, Jack Ruby, owned a Dachshund named Sheba. He often called Sheba his wife, and at one point, owned up to ten Dachshunds.
3. A Dachshund named Waldi became the first official mascot for the Olympics, and made its debut in the 1972 Munich Summer Olympics in representation of Germany.
4. Some famous Dachshund owners include; John F. Kennedy, Grover Cleveland, Abraham Lincoln, William Randolph Hearst, Pablo Picasso, Andy Warhol, Adele, David Hockney, Queen Margrethe II of Denmark, Donald Rumsfeld, Claire Lee Chennault, Kevin Smith, Dita von Teese, Josh Duhamel, Napoleon Bonaparte, Joan Crawford, Gary Cooper, Elizabeth Taylor, Marilyn Monroe, Brigitte Bardot, David Bowie, and Clint Eastwood.
5. One of the latest Dachshunds to rise to fame is Obie, who became an internet sensation due to his extreme weight. He weighed in at a whopping 77 lbs, and helped bring mainstream awareness to the Dachshund obesity problem.