Height: 12-16 in
Weight: 40-50 lbs
Life Span: 7-10 yrs
Coloring: Brindle, white, red, fawn, piebald; single, bi, and tricolors are acceptable
Area of Origin: United Kingdom
Similar Breeds: Pitbull, Boxer, Staffordshire Bull Terrier, Pug, French Bulldog, English Bulldog
History and Origin:
The original bull-baiting dog to come out of the British Isles, the Bulldog is mentioned in manuscripts as early as 1500, and was used in the bull, bear, and dog-fighting circles until these sports were banned in 1835. As a fighting dog, the original bulldogs were required to pin down a bull by grabbing it by the nose. Tthe Bulldog was tough, tenacious, and nearly immune to feeling pain. It risked extinction after its fighting days were forced to end, and would not have had the opportunity to sire other modern bully breeds had it not been for Bulldog enthusiasts. Fortunately, these dog lovers bred out the vicious nature by cross-breeding with the Pug, replacing the rough dog with a delightful and comical family companion.
Personality and Temperament:
The modern Bulldog is one of the gentlest breeds of dog recognized today. An exceptional guard dog, the Bulldog is fantastic with children and adores family life. It is happiest being an active and present member of the family, much preferring human company to that of other dogs. It can become dominant and possessive if not raised well with plenty of socialization. A new or inexperienced dog owner should be prepared to be the pack leader in order for the Bulldog to develop into a well-adjusted pet.
Exercise & Training:
While not requiring extensive exercise, the Bulldog does need a good daily walk to satisfy its physical needs. Caution must be given toward over-exercising, however, as the Bulldogs short nose prevents it from cooling its body temperature as well as longer-nosed breeds. Generally, the Bulldog is appropriate for smaller homes and apartments, as it is not a very active breed when indoors. While fairly easy to train, the Bulldog does have a stubborn-streak. Maintaining strong, confident leadership is essential for establishing and maintaining the dogs position as submissive to its owner. It is not a breed for the obedience-focused, as it would rather curl up and nap than perform at the whim of its handler.
Smooth and short-haired, the Bulldog is an average shedder needing a good brush a few times a week to remove dead hair. Bathing is only needed if it has gotten dirty, however wiping the folds of its face every day is necessary to keep it healthy and clean.
A progenitor of the bully- type breeds of today, the Bulldog has had a crucial role in the development of the Pitbull-type breeds (American Staffordshire Terrier, Staffordshire Bull Terrier, American Pit Bull Terrier, American Bulldog). It has also influenced the Boxer, the Bull Terrier, and the Boston Terrier, and is the descendent of a now-extinct Old English Bulldog and Pug hybrid.
Interesting Facts about the Bulldog:
1. Famous author John Steinback once said of the Bulldog: His greatest fear is that someone will point out a rabbit and suggest that he chase it. This is a dog of peace and tranquility.
2. An iconic symbol of the United Kingdom, the Bulldog was integral in British propaganda campaigns against the Nazis in World War II.
3. The Bulldog is also the mascot of 39 American Universities (including Georgetown University and Yale University).
4. The Bulldog Club is the oldest single-breed specialty club in the United Kingdom, established in 1878.
5. A Bulldog named Ch. Rodney Stone was sold for a whopping $5000 in the early 1900s to Irish-American politician, Richard Crocker.