Height: 11 – 15 inches from shoulder
Weight: 50 – 65 lbs.
Life Span: 10 – 12 years
Coloring: All hound colors, especially tri-color, black & white, red & white, and brown & white
Area of Origin: France
Similar Breeds: Beagle, Dachshund, Otterhound, Rhodesian Ridgeback
History and Origin:
The Basset Hound originated in France, where it was developed to hunt rabbits, deer, and other animals that require slow trailing. The name Basset first appears in a hunting document from 1585 created by Fouilloux. In 1866, the breed started to be exported to England, and made its debut at the English canine show in 1875. Some of the most successful dogs from England were then imported to the United States in 1883 and 1884. The Westminster Kennel Club show featured a Basset Hound for the first time that same year, and in 1935, the Basset Hound Club of America was finally established.
Personality and Temperament:
Basset Hounds have a mild, carefree personality and love human companionship. They get along with just about anyone or anything, including kids of all ages and other pets. Their friendly nature is partly due to the fact that they are pack dogs and enjoy socializing. Most of the time, Bassets are calm, laid-back dogs, but can get worked up quickly when they find an interesting scent trail. For this reason, they should never be left alone when outdoors, as they are capable of following a trail long distances and may get lost or injured. Plus, they are the happiest when surrounded by other people and pets.
Exercise & Training:
Thanks to their calm personality, Basset Hounds do just fine living in apartments and small homes. In fact, they do best as indoor dogs, where they are surrounded by their loved ones. However, they are susceptible to obesity, and should be provided with daily exercise to prevent complications such as arthritis and bone/joint injuries. When indoors, these dogs are mostly inactive, but they also enjoy being outside and will gladly participate in family activities. Some of the sports that this breed thrives in the most include; tracking, field trailing, obedience, and conformation. All hounds can be single-minded at times, especially during training, and the Basset Hound is no exception. The best way to go about training is to use positive reinforcement, making sure to give rewards frequently such as treats, food, toys, or even just praise to reinforce desired behavior. Like with any other dogs, it is also important that theyre socialized at a young age by exposing them to different places, people, sounds, and sights. Lastly, training needs to be carried out in short sessions, making sure to include time in between classes for a break or a quick game. This will help keep the dogs focus in check as well as prevent information overload.
Grooming may be considered high-maintenance by some people because Basset Hounds do shed quite a bit. Keeping their coat neat and clean requires daily brushing with a rubber brush to get rid of the dead hair and preventing it from falling onto the floor and furniture. Weekly baths may also be necessary, as these dogs have a distinct odor, which can bothersome. The rest of the basic grooming duties should be carried out on a regular basis.
4 Interesting Facts about the Basset Hound:
1. One of the first Bassets to be on TV is a dog named Morgan. He was featured on The Garry Moore Show in the 50s and owned by the shows producer Dick Gordon. Morgan was also featured in the Altman Department Store Christmas catalog as a stuffed dog named Huggable Morgan.
2. On July 1, 1956, Elvis Presley sang Hound Dog to a Basset Hound named Sherlock in an episode of The Steve Allen Show. Elvis wore a white tie and tails, while Sherlock was fitted with a hat.
3. The Hush Puppies shoe logo is based on a Basset Hound named Jason, which is why the dogs are now often called hush puppies.
4. In 2004, a Basset named Knights follie Ladiesman, more commonly known as Mr. Jeffries, was recognized by the Guinness World Record as having the worlds longest ears, which measured 11.5 inches in length. Coincidentally, Mr. Jeffries is Jasons grandson; the inspiration behind Hush Puppies logo.