Height: Pembroke, 10-12 inches from shoulder; Cardigan, 10.5-13 inches from shoulder
Weight: Pembroke, 23-30 lbs.; Cardigan, 25-38 lbs.
Life Span: 12-15 years
Coloring: Pembroke; fawn, red, sable, blue, white, parti-colored; Cardigan; all sable, brindle, and red shades, black & white, blue merle
Area of Origin: Wales
Similar Breeds: Australian Shepherd, Belgian Sheepdog, Briard, Border Collie, Bearded Collie
History and Origin:
The Corgis origin is widely debated, with some people saying that they are descendents of cattle dogs that traveled to Wales with the Vikings around 900 B.C., while others believe they come from dogs that were introduced to Wales by Flemish people in 1100 B.C. What is certain is that they were developed in Wales, and in 1920, the UK Kennel Club finally acknowledged the breed. However, it wasn’t until 1934 that the UK Kennel Club and AKC separated the breed into two; Pembroke Welsh Corgi and Cardigan Welsh Corgi. The Cardigan Welsh Corgi Club of America was then established in 1935, and the Pembroke Welsh Corgi Club of America was created a year later.
Personality and Temperament:
Both Corgi varieties can be described as friendly, intelligent, caring, strong-willed, devoted, and independent dogs. Two main differences between the two breeds often noted by owners is that the Pembroke is more outgoing than the Cardigan Welsh Corgi, and that it is also less protective of its territory. Corgis are no longer used for herding as much as they use to, but they still have the natural instinct to herd. This is why theyre wary of strangers and alert their owners of anything they find suspicious or unusual. Their instincts also often show when they are around children, as they have a tendency to nip at their heels. However, they do love children, and can do well with them when taught early on that this behavior is unacceptable. Corgis also usually get along well with other household pets.
Exercise & Training:
As a herding dog, the Corgi has quite a bit of energy and needs at least 30 minutes of exercise per day. With that said, they actually do well with apartment living, as long as they get the exercise they need on a daily basis. Additional activities that this breed enjoys include; agility, obedience trials, flyball, herding, and tracking. Something owners should always take into consideration when exercising their dog is that they are prone to back and leg problems, so jumping, climbing, and rough play should be avoided whenever possible. Corgis are intelligent dogs, and they learn things quickly. However, they can be stubborn at times, which can be an obstacle in training. The best way to overcome this is by staying patient, consistent, and using a combination of food, playtime, and praise for motivation. Owners need to be careful not to over feed their dogs, as this can lead to obesity and increase the risk of back and leg problems. Socialization should also be included in training, ideally before the dog reaches 8 weeks of age.
Corgis have a heavy undercoat and a medium-length topcoat that sheds quite a bit. The good news is that these dogs are odorless, easy to groom, and dont get soiled easily, thanks to its dirt-repelling, waterproof coat. All it needs is to be brushed once a week using a grooming tool that can reach the undercoat such as a rake, pin, or slicker brush. Brushing should be done more frequently during Spring and Fall, which is when the two breeds shed the most. Baths, on the other hand, dont need to be given often, as long as the coat is clean.
Interesting Facts about the Corgi:
1. Unlike Cardigan Welsh Corgis, the Pembroke variety is either born without a tail or has a short one.
2. Corgi literally translates to dwarf dog in Welsh, with cor meaning dwarf and gi meaning dog.
3. According to The Intelligence of Dogs, written by Stanley Coren, the Pembroke Welsh Corgi is the 11th most intelligent dog out of 131 breeds, while the Cardigan Welsh Corgi came in 26th place.
4. Corgis are the smallest dog breed in the herding dog class, which includes breeds such as the German Shepherd, Australian Cattle Dog, and Shetland Sheepdog.
5. The Queen of England has had more than a dozen Corgis during her 60 year reign.